On the seventieth anniversary of Indian independence, partition, and the creation of Pakistan, this ground-breaking collection brings together 14 cutting-edge scholarly essays on multiple aspects of both the region and the issue of Kashmir. While keeping the political dimensions of the dispute over the territory in focus, these innovative essays branch out from the high politics of the conflict to consider less well-known aspects and areas of Kashmir.
They examine the continuities and ruptures between Kashmir’s past and its present situation; re-evaluate the contemporary political scenario from the perspective of gender, economic and political marginality, everyday experiences, and governance; and analyze the ways in which the region of Kashmir and its people are represented and (re)present themselves in films and literature through their regional and religious identities and commodities.
As a whole, the objective of the volume is to reflect on the limits of postcolonial nationalism and citizenship as exemplified by the situation in contemporary Kashmir, and to introduce readers to the new directions in Kashmir Studies that have emerged in the past two decades. These pioneering interdisciplinary perspectives transform our understanding of the region and the conflict, while bringing to light new sources in multiple languages for the study of this region.
Map 1: Pre-Partition Jammu and Kashmir
Map 2: Contemporary Kashmir
Introduction: New Directions in the Study of Kashmir - Chitralekha Zutshi
Part I: History
1. To ‘Tear the Mask off the Face of the Past': Archaeology and Politics in Jammu and Kashmir - Mridu Rai
2. Contesting Urban Space: Shrine Culture and the Discourse on Kashmiri Muslim Identities and Protest in the Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries - Chitralekha Zutshi
3. The Rise and Fall of New Kashmir - Andrew Whitehead
4. Kashmiri Visions of Freedom: The Past and the Present - Shahla Hussain
Part II: Politics
5. Azad Kashmir: Integral to India, Integrated into Pakistan, Lacking Integrity as an Autonomous Entity - Christopher Snedden
6. ‘Not Part of Kashmir, but of the Kashmir Dispute': The Political Predicaments of Gilgit-Baltistan - Martin Sökefeld
7. Law, Gender and Governance in Kashmir - Seema Kazi
8. ‘Survival Is Now Our Politics': Kashmiri Pandit Community Identity and the Politics of Homeland - Haley Duschinski
9. Beyond the ‘Kashmir' Meta-Narrative: Caste, Identities and the Politics of Conflict in Jammu and Kashmir - Mohita Bhatia
10. Contested Governance, Competing Nationalisms and Disenchanted Publics: Kashmir beyond Intractability? - Reeta Chowdhari Tremblay
Part III: Representation
11. Embedded Mystics: Writing Lal Ded and Nund Rishi into the Kashmiri Landscape - Dean Accardi
12. Producing Paradise: Kashmir's Shawl Economy, the Quest for Authenticity and the Politics of Representation in Europe, c. 1770-1870 - Vanessa Chishti
13. The Kashmiri as Muslim in Bollywood's ‘New Kashmir films' - Ananya Jahanara Kabir
14. The Witness of Poetry: Political Feeling in Kashmiri Poems - Suvir Kaul
Notes on Contributors
Chitralekha Zutshi is James Pinckney Harrison Professor of History at The College of William and Mary, USA. Her research and writing explore the intersections among religious affiliations, regional identities, nationalism, and historical thought and practice in South Asia. She has written widely on these themes in the context of Kashmir and is the author of 'Languages of Belonging: Islam, Regional Identity, and the Making of Kashmir' (2003/2004) and 'Kashmir’s Contested Pasts: Narratives, Sacred Geographies, and the Historical Imagination' (2014).